Encyclopaedia Islamica

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Al-ʿAyyāshī, Abū Naṣr Muḥammad b. Masʿūd b. ʿAyyāsh al-Samarqandī (260–329/874–941), a well-known Shiʿi traditionist and Qurʾān commentator during the period of the Minor Occultation; he was said to be descended from the tribe of Tamīm (al-Ardabīlī, 2/192). Originally a Sunni, he subsequently converted to Imāmī Shiʿism (Ibn al-Nadīm, 244; Mudarris, 3/142). Drawing upon his substantial patrimony (Qummī, 642), he converted his personal residence in Samarqand into a centre for scholarship, and host…

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Reza Fahimi Tabar, Hamid and Translated by Matthew Melvin-Koushki, “Al-ʿAyyāshī”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 02 October 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-9831_isla_SIM_0322>
First published online: 2015

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