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Al-Bīrūnī as Researcher and Scientist

Abū al-Rayḥān al-Bīrūnī frequently characterises himself as a ‘servant of knowledge’ (khādim al-ʿilm), and expresses his gratitude for his good fortune in being able to pursue scientific enquiries from his youth (al-Qānūn, 1/3). In his view, one must not distinguish between the various branches of k…

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Younes Karamati and Translated by Matthew Melvin-Koushki, “al-Bīrūnī”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 31 March 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-9831_isla_COM_05000005>
First published online: 2021

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