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al-Dawr wa al-tasalsul
(4,209 words)

al-Dawr wa al-tasalsul (‘circular argument’ and ‘infinite regress’), two Arabic terms in logic that are used to denote cases of fallacious argument and invalid reasoning. In philosophical discussions, these terms are employed to invalidate arguments or assumptions which logically entail one of two impossible states, namely: 1) A proof for a proposition or a cause for a phenomenon whose validity/existence ultimately depends upon itself; or 2) a chain of causation postulated for a phenomenon that goes back infinitely without terminating in another phenomenon.

The word ‘dawr’, in i…

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Azadeh Sadat Sajjadi and Translated by Alexander Khaleeli, “al-Dawr wa al-tasalsul”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 29 February 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-9831_isla_COM_036124>
First published online: 2018
First print edition: 20180110

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