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al-Fuḍayl b. ʿIyāḍ
(2,344 words)

al-Fuḍayl b. ʿIyāḍ, Abū ʿAlī (d. 187/803), a narrator of traditions (muḥaddith) and ascetic (zāhid) of the 2nd/8th century, who was later recognised as one of the founders of Sufism.

Al-Fuḍayl was born early in the 2nd/8th century in Fundīn, a village on the outskirts of Abīward, Khurāsān (Ibn Saʿd, 6/43; al-Sulamī, 6; see al-Qushayrī, 35, English trans. 20, and al-Dhahabī, Siyar, 8/373, for the view that he was born in Samarqand and grew up in Abīward). His family’s lineage can be traced back to the Yarbūʿ clan, a branch of the Banū Tamīm tribe which had…

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Kazem Tayyebi Fard, Stephen Hirtenstein and Translated by Alexander Khaleeli, “al-Fuḍayl b. ʿIyāḍ”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 06 December 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-9831_isla_SIM_041729>
First published online: 2022

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