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al-Ḥakīm al-Tirmidh
(8,509 words)

al-Ḥakīm al-Tirmidhī, Abū ʿAbd Allāh Muḥammad b. ʿAlī b. al-Ḥasan b. Bishr b. Hārūn, a traditionist, Qurʾān-commentator, theologian and mystical theorist of the 3rd/9th century (d. ca. 300/912). His laqab al-Ḥakīm means ‘the Wise’ but he is accorded other honorifics (al-Dhahabī, Siyar, 13/439; al-Subkī, 2/20) such as al-Ḥāfiẓ (the Qurʾān memoriser), al-Muḥaddith (the ḥadīth specialist), al-Zāhid (the ascetic) and al-ʿĀrif (‘the knower’, i.e. someone who has attained mystical knowledge to God). His name, kunya and nisba appear in the majo…

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Mojtaba'i, Fathollah, with additions by Stephen Hirtenstein and Translated by Alexander Khaleeli, “al-Ḥakīm al-Tirmidh”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 21 September 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-9831_isla_SIM_067178>
First published online: 2022

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