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al-Ḥusayn b. Zikrawayh
(1,501 words)

al-Ḥusayn b. Zikrawayh, Abū al-ʿAbbās (264–291/878–904), one of the leaders of the Qarmaṭī movement in Syria. He also became known as Ṣāḥib al-Shāma or Ṣāḥib al-Khāl which referred to his having a birthmark on his face (Thābit, 19; Ibn al-ʿAdīm, Bughya, 2/926; al-Nuwayrī, 25/249). His name and lineage have also been recorded as Aḥmad b. ʿAbd Allāh b. Muḥammad b. Ismāʿīl b. Jaʿfar al-Ṣādiq (Ibn al-ʿAdīm, Bughya, 2/926; cf. al-Maqrīzī, al-Muqaffā, 3/292), which is said to have been forged by him in order to gain notoriety and respectability by claiming descent from …

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Abdolhamid Moradi and Translated by Shahram Khodaverdian, “al-Ḥusayn b. Zikrawayh”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 28 September 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-9831_isla_SIM_050771>
First published online: 2022

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