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ʿAlāʾ al-Dawla Simnānī
(9,360 words)

ʿAlāʾ al-Dawla Simnānī, Abū al-Makārim Rukn al-Dīn Aḥmad b. Sharaf al-Dīn Muḥammad al-Biyābānakī (Dhū al-Ḥijja 659–22 Rajab 736/November 1261–6 March 1336), was a famous and prolific Kubrawī Sufi during the time of the Īlkhānids. He played a major part in the revival of the Kubrawiyya and the teachings of Junayd al-Baghdādī (d. 298/911), affirming robustly that the sharīʿa and the ṭarīqa were inseparable. His contemporaries and later authors lavished grand titles on him, such as the lordly imam (al-Imām al-ra…

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Javad Shams, Mohammad, Translated by Rahim Gholami and Translated by Matthew Melvin-Koushki, “ʿAlāʾ al-Dawla Simnānī”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 24 July 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-9831_isla_COM_0245>
First published online: 2015

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