Encyclopaedia Islamica

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(7,627 words)

Alamūt is the name of a fortress and district in the Rūdbār-i Daylam, approximately 35 km north-east of Qazwīn, which today is known as Rūdbār-i Alamūt, and was for 166 years an impregnable stronghold and central seat of the Nizārī Ismaili state. In fact, the fortress played an important role in the political and military history of northern Iran until approximately the 11th/17th century.


Most historians consider the word to be a com…

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Sadeq Sajjadi, Allah Majidi, Enayat, Farhad Daftary, Zand, Roxane and Translated by Roxane Zand, “Alamūt”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 02 April 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-9831_isla_COM_0248>
First published online: 2015

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