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Amīr al-Ḥājj
(2,215 words)

Amīr al-Ḥājj, was a title for the leader of the Ḥajj pilgrims. There were other titles for this position: amīr al-rakb (see al-Fāsī, 260, 290), amīr al-mawsim (al-Dārimī, 434) and imām al-ḥājj (Mālik, 1/400, 404). From the Shiʿi point of view, leadership of the Ḥajj pilgrims is a duty exclusive to the Imams: the Prophet was the first leader of the Ḥajj, and he was succeeded in this first by ʿAlī b. Abī Ṭālib and then the other Shiʿi imams (see al-Kulaynī, 4/466). For this reason the person given leadership of the pilgrims eit…

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Naji, Mohammad Reza and Gholami, Rahim, “Amīr al-Ḥājj”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Wilferd Madelung and, Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 30 October 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-9831_isla_COM_0270>
First published online: 2008
First print edition: ISBN: 978-90-04-16860-2, 20080710, 978-90-04-17859-5, 20091123, 9789004191655, 20110912

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