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Bābā Afḍal
(4,384 words)

Bābā Afḍal Kāshānī, Afḍal al-Dīn Muḥammad b. Ḥasan Maraqī Kāshānī, was a Persian philosopher, gnostic (ʿārif) and poet who lived in the second half of the 6th/12th and the first half of the 7th/13th century. While he is particularly renowned in Iran, his philosophical works and poetry being written in Persian, there is a dearth of information about his life.

The first mention of his name seems to be in the works of Naṣīr al-Dīn al-Ṭūsī (d. 672/1274), who writes that he studied under one of Bābā Afḍal’s students, the mathem…

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Gharaee Garakani, Morteza and Translated by Farzin Negahban, “Bābā Afḍal”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 05 June 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-9831_isla_COM_0000001>
First published online: 2015

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