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Bābā Farīd al-Dīn Ganj Shikar
(2,705 words)

Bābā Farīd al-Dīn Ganj Shikar, or Shakar-Ganj (ca. 569–664/1174–1265), was one of the most revered and distinguished medieval Sufi mystics in India. Originally called Masʿūd, he was born in either 569/1174 or 571/1175 in the town of Kuthwāl in the district of Multān (Nizami, Life and Times, 11; Mīr Khurd, 101). Both Firishtah (2/383) and Ghulām Sarwar (1/304) cite 584/1188 as the year of his birth.

The three primary sources for Bābā Farīd’s life and teaching come from the circle of Shaykh Niẓām al-Dīn Awliyāʾ, wh…

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Arya, Gholam-Ali and Translated by Farzin Negahban, “Bābā Farīd al-Dīn Ganj Shikar”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 05 June 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-9831_isla_COM_0000003>
First published online: 2015

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