Encyclopaedia Islamica

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(39,562 words)

Baghdad, both a historic province and a city in Iraq, and today the country’s capital.

1. Geography

In its heyday, Baghdad was one of the richest centres of Muslim civilisation. The city was ravaged numerous times throughout history due to both internal conflict and invasion. During the last several decades the population of Baghdad has dramatically increased; tota…

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Ahmadian, Bahram Amir, Translated by Matthew Melvin-Koushki, Sadeq Sajjadi, Bahramian, Ali, Fatehi-nezhad, Enayatollah, Azarnoosh, Azartash, Ahmad Pakatchi, Younes Karamati and Karimi, Fatima, “Baghdad”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 23 February 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-9831_isla_COM_00000029>
First published online: 2015

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