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Balāgha, meaning eloquence or clarity of speech, particularly poetical speech; the term comes from the phrase balagha al-kalām, ‘the speech reached [its addressee]’. It is used in a technical sense to denote the correspondence of speech to the ability of the listener to appreciate it, or to the requirements of a given situation. The term is also used adjectivally (balīgh) to denote a speaker possessed of the ability to produce eloquent speech (al-Khaṭīb, 1/72, 79–80).

Arabic: Historical Overview

The Arabs of the p…

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Farzaneh, Babak and Translated by Matthew Melvin-Koushki, “Balāgha”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 09 June 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-9831_isla_COM_00000053>
First published online: 2015

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