Encyclopaedia Islamica

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(13,408 words)

Balkh, was an ancient city and political region in Greater Khurāsān, a district whose boundaries and territory differ from those of modern Balkh. The territory of Balkh is now a small province (about 12,800 km2) in northern Afghanistan, the capital of which is the city of Mazār-i Sharīf (Raʾīs al-Sādāt, 204; Dawlatābādī, 30).

The city of Balkh was regarded as one of the most important centres of Persian culture, its importance deriving from its opportune location at the convergence of trad…

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Mohsen Ahmadi, Enayatollah Reza, Mehrnaz, Behroozi, Translated by Keven Brown, Mahdavi, Maliheh, Movahhed, Maryam, Naser, Gozashteh, and Homeira, Arsanjani,, “Balkh”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 27 September 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-9831_isla_COM_00000056>
First published online: 2015

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