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Bāqī bi’llāh
(2,232 words)

Bāqī bi’llāh, Abū Muʾayyid Raḍī al-Dīn Muḥammad (971–1012/1564–1603), was the son of Qāḍī ʿAbd al-Salām b. Khiljī Samarqandī Qurayshī, and one of the propagators of the Naqshbandī Sufi Order in India, with the pen-name Bīrang. He was born in Kabul, with one source (Ikrām, 192) giving the date as 5 Dhū al-Ḥijja 971/15 July 1564, on the basis of the unpublished Sīrat-i Bāqī, although the earliest biographies only give the year 971/1564.

His father, who was both a Sufi and a scholar, played a significant role in his education. His mother…

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Marjan Afsharian and Translated by Farzin Negahban, “Bāqī bi’llāh”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 25 July 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-9831_isla_COM_00000067>
First published online: 2015

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