Encyclopaedia Islamica

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(1,300 words)

Baraka (blessing), a term denoting a religious concept that holds a prominent place in both the Qurʾān and ḥadīth and is widely used in popular Muslim cultures. The trilateral root b-r-k is found in most Semitic languages with the same two core meanings. The simple form of the verb in both Arabic and Hebrew conveys the action of kneel-ing (Lane, entry on baraka; Gesenius, entry on barekh; cf. Psalms 95:6). This meaning is also found in cognate languages (Assyrian: birku, Ethiopic: ብርክ, Aramaic בִּרְכָּא; Syriac: ܒܪܟ; Ugaritic: ) and in Arabic the IV form of th…

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Karimi, Mahmoud and Translated by Farzin Negahban, “Baraka”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 30 May 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-9831_isla_SIM_00000075>
First published online: 2015

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