Encyclopaedia Islamica

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(2,516 words)

Bayhaq, the name of an ancient town and district in Khurāsān, in the region of Nīsābūr. The name Bayhaq appears to be an Arabised form of a Persian word whose form and roots cannot be precisely determined, and the ones that have been proposed are all questionable (see Bayhaqī, ʿAlī, 33–34; Yāqūt, 1/804; Tabrīzī, 1/343).

Early History

No reference to Bayhaq can be found in extant pre-Islamic sources. Since the territorial divisions of the Sāsānid empire persisted during the early centuries of Islam, it can be said…

Cite this page
Hamedani, Ali Karam and Translated by Muhammad Isa Waley, “Bayhaq”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 30 May 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-9831_isla_COM_000000109>
First published online: 2015

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