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Bektashi Order
(4,834 words)

Bektashi Order (also Biktaşiyye, Biktāshiyya), is one of the eight major Sufi orders in Anatolia, with a large following both in Turkey and the Balkans.


The Biktāshī order was originally made up of a mixture of local Christian groups in Asia Minor, migrant Turkomans (whose numbers increased steadily following the battle of Malāzgird (Manzikert) in 463/1071 and the subsequent establishment of Saljūq rule in…

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Fatemeh Lajevardi, Stephen Hirtenstein and Translated by Farzin Negahban, “Bektashi Order”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 29 March 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-9831_isla_COM_000000122>
First published online: 2015

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