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Bih Āfarīd
(2,390 words)

Bih Āfarīd (Bihāfarīdh) (d. ca. 131/749), the founder of the Bih Āfarīdiyya group, who laid claim to being a prophet. There seems to have been two sources accessible to early authors about the life of Bih Āfarīd, his beliefs and activities: one is by Ibrāhīm b. ʿAbbās al-Ṣūlī (d. 243/857), who wrote a work about the ʿAbbāsids (see Sezgin, GAS, 2/578–580) which was available to Ibn al-Nadīm (pp. 407–408) and Muḥammad al-ʿAwfī (3(1)/226–228, 4(1)/178), from whom al-Bīrūnī, Abū Ḥātim al-Rāzī and others appear to have quo…

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Bahramian, Ali and Translated by Daryoush Mohammad Poor, “Bih Āfarīd”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 21 July 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-9831_isla_COM_000000126>
First published online: 2015

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