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(845 words)

Bīrjandī, Niẓām al-Dīn ʿAbd al-ʿAlī b. Muḥammad b. Ḥusayn (d. 934/1528), known as Fāḍil-i Bīrjandī, was a mathematician, astronomer and a prolific author of commentaries on books on astronomy.

Bīrjandī was a prominent figure of his time (Khʷāndamīr, 4/615–616; Mullā Muẓaffar, 2). It seems that he was not happy with the circumstances of his time and at some point he calls himself someone who has ‘chosen the isolation of being unknown and in grief ’ (see Sharḥ, 2). According to Khʷāndamīr (4/616), Bīrjandī learnt religious scie…

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Muhammad Ali Mowlavi and Translated by Daryoush Mohammad Poor, “Bīrjandī”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 05 June 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-9831_isla_COM_000000136>
First published online: 2015

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