Encyclopaedia Islamica

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(5,326 words)

From a sociological point of view, both the lifestyle of pre-Islamic Arabs and the severe scarcity of the means of livelihood in the Arab peninsula served to bond clan members and thus the whole tribe together in their struggle for survival. The overarching exigencies of family in Arabia prior to the advent of Islam generated two …

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Sadeq Sajjadi, Translated by Farzin Negahban and Farhang Mehrvash, “Brotherhood”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 02 June 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-9831_isla_COM_05000015>
First published online: 2021

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