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(1,792 words)

Arabic and Persian lexical sources provide a multiplicity of meanings for the word bundār, which has been used to denote a tax-collector, customs officer, notable or headman. The word also has extended commercial connotations such as hoarder or profiteer (Awḥadī, 30; Ānandrāj, 1/773; Burhān, 1/304–305; Nafīsī, 1/648; see also Muʿīn, 1/584 who defines this term as ‘postmaster’, ṣāḥib al-barīd, or ‘courier’). Bundār appears in works of Persian poetry with the meaning of ‘notable person’, ‘headman’, ‘leader’ or someone who monopolises goods (Nāṣir-i Khusraw,…

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Sadeq Sajjadi and Translated by Alexander Khaleeli, “Bundār”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 22 February 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-9831_isla_SIM_05000028>
First published online: 2021

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