Encyclopaedia Islamica

Get access

(2,543 words)

The term bunīchah was used in two specific cases:

1. The assessment of the total tax burden a village was liable to pay, which the villagers distributed amongst themselves per head. Each then paid their share either in kind (produce or military service) or in cash via the ṣāḥib-i bunīchah, who was usually the village headman or one of the main landlords. The inhabitants of each village from the territory of the bunīchah were still liable even if they left and settled elsewhere, unless they had received a special dispensation (Lambton, Landlord 425, Qājār 76; Floor, A Fiscal History, 133–134,…

Cite this page
Seyyed Ali Al-i Davud and Translated by Miklós Sárközy, “Bunīchah”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 06 June 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-9831_isla_SIM_05000032>
First published online: 2021

▲   Back to top   ▲