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It is noteworthy that matters related to a person approaching death are discussed in works of jurisprudence concerning the burial rituals (for example, see al-Ṭūsī, 1/681; Ibn Rushd, 1/225–226; cf. al-Shahīd al-Thānī, 1/400).

The earliest burial mentioned in the Qurʾān is in sūra 5, when God reveals to Cain the way to bury the body of Abel whom he has murdered (Q 5:31). The custom of burying the dead is common to the other Abrahamic religions (see Deuteronomy 34:6, where God buries Moses in the land of Moab, and John 19:38–42). Some sou…

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Mahdavi Manesh, Hossein and Translated by Najam Abbas, “Burial”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 30 May 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-9831_isla_SIM_05000042>
First published online: 2021

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