Encyclopaedia Islamica

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(22,170 words)

In its wider connotation, in addition to providing a clear system of ‘dividing time into successive periods’, taqwīm refers to important events that mark the basis of keeping count of the years, which in English is expressed by the term ‘era’. In early texts up until the 12th/16th century, however, the word ta⁠ʾrīkh (in the sense of c…

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Younes Karamati, Ahmad Pakatchi, Translated by Farzin Negahban and Translated by Daryoush Mohammad Poor, “Calendar”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 26 February 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-9831_isla_COM_05000065>
First published online: 2021

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