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Cherkess (Circassian)
(4,347 words)

In the 4th/10th century, the Persians, the Georgians and the Arabs referred to this people by the name ‘Kashak’ (Akiner, 231). Al-Masʿūdī (p. 287) and Ibn al-Wardī (p. 47) refer to the Kashak when they speak of those living in the northern Caucasus. ‘Kashak’ seems to have been a Georgian name derived from ‘Kasogi’ in Ossete (Ossetian). The Turks called them ‘Cherkas’, a name which has been prevalent since the 7th/13th century: originally it did not desig…

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Enayatollah Reza, Stephen Hirtenstein and Translated by Rahim Gholami, “Cherkess (Circassian)”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 29 May 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-9831_isla_COM_05000081>
First published online: 2021

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