Encyclopaedia Islamica

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(7,970 words)

Before discussing particular aspects of the practice of the forty-day retreat, it is worth pointing out that while retreat, khalwa, is approved of by the generality of Sufis—being referred to as one of the mustaḥsanāt, or strongly recommended practices—it cannot strictly be described as a sunna (except with the non-specific meaning of ‘tradition’), because the general attitude of the prophetic sunna is based upo…

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Shahram Khodaverdian and Translated by Muhammad Isa Waley, “Chillah”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 29 May 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-9831_isla_COM_05000085>
First published online: 2021

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