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Dahr (in the Qurʾān)
(1,469 words)

As regards the etymological root of the word in Semitic languages, the rarely used biblical Hebrew verb dahar designates the speedy movement of a horse and rider (Brown, 187; see also Muss-Arnolt, 1/243). The Arabic dictionaries refer to the use of the root d-h-r in the same context, giving definitions such as ‘falling down’ or ‘being thrown down’ (from a horse), as well as ‘attacking’ (Ibn Manẓūr, 1/1023–1025). Some early Arab lexicographers remark that the meaning of bad fortune in the root d-h-r is derived from the principal meaning of falling. The apparent negative connot…

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Ahmad Pakatchi and Translated by Janis Esots, “Dahr (in the Qurʾān)”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 09 June 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-9831_isla_SIM_05000105>
First published online: 2021

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