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Daḥw al-Arḍ
(2,604 words)

In order to explain the meaning of the expression, first one must establish the meaning of the word daḥw. An analysis of the different usages of words derived from the root d-ḥ-w during the first centuries after the advent of Islam shows that it had several meanings: 1) to fix or fasten: although the lexicologists do not list this meaning, several examples clearly demonstrate its currency (see e.g. Naṣr b. Muzāḥim, 549; also al-Ṭabarī, Ta⁠ʾrīkh, 1/38, where the expression irsāʾ al-jibāl, lit. ‘anchoring the mountains’, is interpreted as being synonymous with daḥw al-arḍ); 2) to throw […

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Farhang Mehrvash and Translated by Janis Esots, “Daḥw al-Arḍ”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 05 March 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-9831_isla_SIM_05000107>
First published online: 2021



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