Damascus, the capital city of the Syrian Arab Republic and the centre of a province by the same name in the south-west of Syria.
There are numerous stories, many of a mythical character, about the founding and naming of Damascus. As regards the historical record, in the Tell el-Amarna tablets of Egypt, which date back to 14th century BCE, the city is named Ta-ms-qu and in the clay tablets of Ebla …
Cite this page
Mohammad Reza Naji,
Translated by Mushegh Asatryan,
Translated by Alexander Khaleeli and
Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Farhad Daftary.
Consulted online on 11 December 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-9831_isla_COM_037162>