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Dār al-Funūn
(2,642 words)

Dār al-Funūn, lit., polytechnic college, one of the earliest centres of modern education in Iran and one of the institutes founded early in Nāṣir al-Dīn Shāh Qājār’s reign (1264–1313/1848–1896) by Mīrzā Taqī Khān Amīr Kabīr, a reformist grand vizier (ṣadr-i aʿẓam) of Iran. The Dār al-Funūn was primarily established to address the country’s needs in terms of military-related skills and technology, mining, medicine and other sciences. A vital result of Iran’s encounter with an industrialised western Europe, the rationale for the establi…

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Seyyed Ali Al-i Davud and Translated by Abuzar Ahmadi, “Dār al-Funūn”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 30 November 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-9831_isla_COM_036084>
First published online: 2017
First print edition: 20180110

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