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Darband (presently Derbent, also previously Derbend), a historic city located in what is today the Republic of Dāghistān (Dagestan), which is a federal republic of Russia. It is situated on the western shores of the Caspian Sea on a narrow strip of land between the sea and the Ṭabarsarān mountains, part of the Greater Caucasus range, which stretch from the Eurasian Steppes in the north to the Iranian Plateau in the south.


Hot and dry in summer and cold in winter, Darband is situated in the south-east of…

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Arash Pourjafar and Translated by Alexander Khaleeli, “Darband”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 20 March 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-9831_isla_COM_036095>
First published online: 2017
First print edition: 20180110

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