Encyclopaedia Islamica

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(7,819 words)

Dihqān, in general terms to the late Sāsānid era and the early Islamic period, this term was used to refer to a local landowner, usually of the minor landed gentry, possibly a person of greater importance in a province, but by the 19th and 20th centuries it had become the equivalent of ‘peasant’. Thus, in the glossary to her ground-breaking work Landlord and Peasant, A. K. S. Lambton gave a variety of definitions including ‘head of a village who held certain lands by hereditary right and acted as the go…

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Isabel Miller, “Dihqān”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 10 June 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-9831_isla_COM_036009>
First published online: 2017
First print edition: 20180110

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