Empedocles (Empedoklēs, variously spelt as Anbāduqlīs, Anbādhuqlīs or Banduqlīs etc.), was a pre-Socratic Greek philosopher, whose supposed teachings became well known in the Islamic world as a demonstration of the underlying connections between Greek philosophy and the Semitic tradition of revelation.
Little is known about his actual life apart from scattered fragments of information. Our only significant source is The Lives and Opinions…
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Sharafoddin Khorasani and
Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Farhad Daftary.
Consulted online on 27 September 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-9831_isla_COM_037153>