Encyclopaedia Islamica

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(3,518 words)

Empedocles (Empedoklēs, variously spelt as Anbāduqlīs, Anbādhuqlīs or Banduqlīs etc.), was a pre-Socratic Greek philosopher, whose supposed teachings became well known in the Islamic world as a demonstration of the underlying connections between Greek philosophy and the Semitic tradition of revelation.

Little is known about his actual life apart from scattered fragments of information. Our only significant source is The Lives and Opinions…

Cite this page
Sharafoddin Khorasani and Stephen Hirtenstein, “Empedocles”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 27 September 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-9831_isla_COM_037153>
First published online: 2018
First print edition: 20180110

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