Encyclopaedia Islamica

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Euclid (Lat: Euclides, Ar: Uqlīdis), is the most celebrated mathematician of the pre-modern era, whose fame as the father of geometry still endures. Nothing is known about his birthplace or education, and only two general facts are commonly agreed: firstly, that he lived sometime after the time of Plato (d. 347 BCE) and was working before Archimedes (b. ca. 287 BCE); and secondly, that he taught in Alexandria, which was founded by Alexander in 332 BCE. What we know…

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Alireza Djafari Naini, Muhammad Ali Mowlavi and Translated by Pouyan Shahidi Marnani, “Euclid”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 09 June 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-9831_isla_COM_036094>
First published online: 2017
First print edition: 20180110

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