Encyclopaedia Islamica

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Fadak, the name of a village in the vicinity of Medina, at a distance of two days travel. Half of the agricultural land of Fadak was the personal property of the Prophet Muḥammad. It draws its later significance and fame from a dispute that erupted between two major groups of Muslims regarding its status after the Prophet’s demise. The crux of this disagreement was whether, when the Prophet passed away, the land of Fadak became the property of his daughter Fāṭima (q.v.), or the collective property of the Muslims to be administered by the caliph.

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Sadeq Sajjadi and Translated by Alexander Khaleeli, “Fadak”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Wilferd Madelung and, Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 26 September 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-9831_isla_COM_036126>
First published online: 2018
First print edition: 20180110

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