Encyclopaedia Islamica

Get access

(3,242 words)

Fadak, the name of a village in the vicinity of Medina, at a distance of two days travel. Half of the agricultural land of Fadak was the personal property of the Prophet Muḥammad. It draws its later significance and fame from a dispute that erupted between two major groups of Muslims regarding its status after the Prophet’s demise. The crux of this disagreement was whether, when the Prophet passed away, the land of Fadak became the property of his daughter Fāṭima (q.v.), or the collective property of the Muslims to be administered by the caliph.

The raids and military campaigns directed b…

Cite this page
Sadeq Sajjadi and Translated by Alexander Khaleeli, “Fadak”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 01 December 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-9831_isla_COM_036126>
First published online: 2018
First print edition: 20180110

▲   Back to top   ▲