Encyclopaedia Islamica

Get access

(20,861 words)

Farghāna, also Fergana, Ferghana or Pargāna, refers to the vast mountain valley system and the eponymous capital city of Farghāna province in modern Uzbekistan.


Etymology and Nomenclature                   

The name ‘Farghāna’ is derived from the word ‘Pargāna (or ‘Pragna’) meaning ‘a small mountainous place’ or ‘mountain valley’ (Bernshtam, 7). It has also been suggested that ‘Pargāna’ is cognate with the name of a tribe from the Scythian Parikan confederatio…

Cite this page
Muzaffar Zoolshoev, “Farghāna”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Wilferd Madelung and, Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 04 October 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-9831_isla_COM_037177>
First published online: 2018
First print edition: 20180110

▲   Back to top   ▲