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(1,821 words)

Ḥabwa (lit. ‘gift’), a legal term unique to Twelver Shiʿi jurisprudence that is dealt with as a subcategory of farāʾiḍ (dues) or irth (inheritance). The Arabic word ḥabwa literally means a ‘gift’ or ‘award’ (Ibn Manẓūr, 14/162; al-Fīrūzābādī, 4/341; al-Ṭurayḥī, 1/94–95), and is understood to mean specific assets which are only given to the eldest son from his father’s inheritance, before the remainder of the estate is shared out (al-Ḥusaynī …

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Qasem Mehr Alizadeh and Translated by Alexander Khaleeli, “Ḥabwa ”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 02 December 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-9831_isla_SIM_067275>
First published online: 2022

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