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Ḥajjat al-wadāʿ
(2,133 words)

Ḥajjat al-wadāʿ (the Farewell Pilgrimage), the only full pilgrimage made by the Prophet Muḥammad, which took place in the last year of his life. This is regarded as a seminal event in his prophetic mission and in the history of Islam.

In 10/631, the Prophet undertook a pilgrimage with a large number of his Companions, friends, and relatives. It was called ‘Ḥajjat al-wadāʿ’ (lit. ‘the farewell pilgrimage’; see Peters, Hajj, 53–57) because during it he gave an address (khuṭba) at ʿArafāt in which he announced to his followers that this would be their final meeting. It has b…

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Faramarz Haj Manouchehri, with additions by Stephen Hirtenstein and Translated by Mushegh Asatryan, “Ḥajjat al-wadāʿ”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 01 October 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-9831_isla_SIM_045752>
First published online: 2022

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