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Ḥall wa ʿaqd
(1,850 words)

Ḥall wa ʿaqd (lit. ‘loosening and binding’, ‘prosification and versification’), are two figures of speech (sing. ṣanʿa) that have contrasting meanings and functions, involving the conversion of poetic verse into prose and vice versa. These terms may also be employed in a non-literary context, where the expression ahl al-ḥall wa’l-ʿaqd (lit. ‘people who loosen and bind’) was used by classical scholars to designate those members of the religious, political or scholarly elites who are qualified to be involved in electing (and occasionally deposin…

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Abdullah Masoudi Arani, with additions by Stephen Hirtenstein and Translated by Alexander Khaleeli, “Ḥall wa ʿaqd”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 28 September 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-9831_isla_SIM_067234>
First published online: 2022

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