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Hārūt and Mārūt
(2,671 words)

Hārūt and Mārūt, two angels mentioned in the Qurʾān who are believed to have come down to earth from heaven and are associated with the teaching of magic (siḥr). The history of the traditions about these two angels (sing. malak) is extremely complex, with a number of different ideas coalescing around them. This entry will focus on: (i) the origin of their names, (ii) the accounts of their ‘fall’, (iii) their association with magic, and (iv) a brief survey of their reception in Muslim thought.

The names Hārūt and Mārūt take a common form for names in the Qurʾān, using the pattern fāʿūl, such as J…

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Burge, Stephen R., “Hārūt and Mārūt”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 22 February 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-9831_isla_SIM_064046>
First published online: 2022
First print edition: 20230913

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