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Ḥayra (Sufism)
(2,293 words)

Ḥayra (Sufism), a technical term in Islamic mysticism meaning ‘perplexity’, ‘confusion’ or ‘bewilderment.’ Together with its associated noun taḥayyur, it means the experience of a state of amazement or confusion (al-Bayhaqī, 1/307, 2/825; Sajjādī, 331). In Islamic philosophy, the term ḥayra signifies an enduring state of doubt from which one cannot attain certainty or grasp a concept using rational proofs or arguments, and is therefore considered undesirable. In this sense, the concepts of ḥayra and intellect (ʿaql) are understood to be mutually contradictory (see Rūmī,…

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Tehrani Haeri, Hamideh and Translated by Alexander Khaleeli, “Ḥayra (Sufism)”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 05 March 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-9831_isla_SIM_066140>
First published online: 2022
First print edition: 20230913

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