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Ḥilf al-Fuḍūl
(1,194 words)

Ḥilf al-Fuḍūl (‘The Alliance of Excellence’) refers to a pre-Islamic pact made between several Qurayshī clans in Mecca. It was formed in order to ensure justice and fairness for those visiting Mecca and to defend the weak against the powerful. The term ḥilf designates various kinds of agreements, but is always accompanied by the swearing of an oath, as the root ḥ-l-f implies (see below; Landau-Tasseron, ‘Alliances’, 146). As he was witness to this pact, the Prophet’s biographers and early Muslim historians considered it to be an important event in the ear…

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Seyyedi, Seyyed Muhammad and Translated by M.A.H. Parsa, “Ḥilf al-Fuḍūl”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 25 February 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-9831_isla_SIM_067240>
First published online: 2022
First print edition: 20230913

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