Encyclopaedia Islamica

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[Prelims to the Encyclopaedia Islamica] System of transliteration of Arabic and Persian characters
(111 words)

Consonants

ء ʾ

ب b

پ p

ت t

ث th

ج j

چ ch

ح

خ kh

د d

ذ dh

ر r

ز z

ژ zh

س s

ش sh

ص

ض

ط

ظ

ع ʿ

غ gh

ف f

ق q

ک k

گ g

ل l

م m

ن n

ه h

و w

ی y

Short Vowels

ـَــ a

ــُـ u

ـِــ i

Long Vowels

ا ى ā

و ū

ي ī

Diphthongs

َـ و aw

ـَ ي ay

ة a; at (construct state)

ال al- (article)

Cite this page
“[Prelims to the Encyclopaedia Islamica] System of transliteration of Arabic and Persian characters”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Wilferd Madelung and, Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 26 June 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-9831_isla_SIM_0145>
First published online: 2008
First print edition: ISBN: 978-90-04-16860-2, 20080710, 978-90-04-17859-5, 20091123, 9789004191655, 20110912



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