Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936)

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Abū Ḳalamūn
(158 words)

, also Bū Ḳalamūn, the usual designation in Persian but more rare in Arabic for the chameleon. Originally Abū Ḳalamūn designated the pinna (Greek ύποκάλαμον), of whose thready byssus (ṣūf al-baḥr „sea .wool“) tissues with a peculiar golden glittering were prepared. The philologists (Ṣirāfī, Azharī, Ḏj̲awharī) know Abū Ḳalamūn almost only as a kind of cloth of variegated colors brought into commerce by the Byzantines. The original signification of the name was therefore forgotten, some connected it with Mount Ḳalamūn near Dam…

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Hell, “Abū Ḳalamūn”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936), Edited by M. Th. Houtsma, T.W. Arnold, R. Basset, R. Hartmann. Consulted online on 22 May 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-871X_ei1_SIM_0229>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004082656, 1913-1936

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