(accident), correlative of d̲j̲awhar (substance), denotes every thing in any respect appertaining to a subject. The philosophers restrict the use of the term especially to the 2.—10. Aristotelian categories; the ‘Mutakallimīn’ however use it in a very wide sense for everything that is not d̲j̲awhar. It is stated to be a characteristic element in the teaching of the Mutakallimīn, that for various stated reasons they deny the possibility of the existence of an accident in another accident. — Cp. e.g. Dict. of techn. terms, p. 986 et seq.
Cite this pagede Boer, T. J., “ʿAraḍ”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936), Edited by M. Th. Houtsma, T.W. Arnold, R. Basset, R. Hartmann. Consulted online on 11 December 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-871X_ei1_SIM_0815>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004082656, 1913-1936
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