Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936)

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Ḏj̲īs̲h̲
(2,659 words)

, in classical Arabic Ḏj̲ais̲h̲ (see Fränkel, Aram. Fremdwörter, p. 258) army. The word in Northwest Africa has however two further special meanings.

1. Ḏj̲īs̲h̲, plur. Ḏj̲uyūs̲h̲ or Ḏj̲iyūs̲h̲ means in the south of Algeria and Morocco an armed band, which goes out on a g̲h̲azw (ambush for purposes of plunder or of a holy war) against a caravan or a body of troops. When the d̲j̲īsh consists of several hundred men, it is called a ḥarka. The Ḏj̲iyus̲h̲ carry on their operations from the Northern Sūdān or the Niger valley throughout fhe Sahara to the South of Algeria and Mor…

Cite this page
Cour, A., “Ḏj̲īs̲h̲”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936), Edited by M. Th. Houtsma, T.W. Arnold, R. Basset, R. Hartmann. Consulted online on 13 August 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-871X_ei1_COM_0050>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004082656, 1913-1936



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