Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936)

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Dwāʾir
(2,365 words)

(Dawāʾir) plural of Dāʾira “circle”, a confederacy of families whose duty it is to give personal attendance on a native chief. Before the French conquest of Algeria, the name Dwāʾir was borne more particularly by four groups of families or tribes, encamped in the southwest of Oran, attached to the service of this town and its Bey. They were organised as a militia on a sort of feudal basis, and lived on the produce of lands granted them by the Turkish government, and on the booty won in expeditions against unsubjected tribes or those that refused to pay taxes…

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Cour, A., “Dwāʾir”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936), Edited by M. Th. Houtsma, T.W. Arnold, R. Basset, R. Hartmann. Consulted online on 13 August 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-871X_ei1_SIM_2171>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004082656, 1913-1936



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