Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936)

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ʿĪsawīya, ʿĪsāwa
(909 words)

(Aīssaoua), a collective name from the singular ʿĪsāwī (cf. Marçais, Textes Arabes de Tanger, p. 397 sq.): a name given to the k̲h̲wān [q. v.] or members of the Moroccan religious brotherhood founded by Sīdī Muḥammad b. ʿĪsā and derived from this last name.

In spite of the fame of this brotherhood, the life of Muḥammad b. ʿĪsā al-Fihrī and his origin are little known. The ethnic al-Fihrī suggests a Spanish Arab origin. He travelled a great deal in his youth and was initiated in the east into the ecstatic exercises of the religious orders of the Ḥaidarīya and the Saʿdīya. Returning to the …

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Cour, A., “ʿĪsawīya, ʿĪsāwa”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936), Edited by M. Th. Houtsma, T.W. Arnold, R. Basset, R. Hartmann. Consulted online on 11 July 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-871X_ei1_SIM_3207>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004082656, 1913-1936

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