Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936)

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(4,160 words)

(a.), the Zoroastrians. The Greek word μάγοΣ (which itself renders an Īrānian word, cf. old-Persian magus̲h̲, new-Persian mug̲h̲) passed into Arabic through an Aramaic medium. According to the Arabic lexicographers, Mad̲j̲ūs is a collective like Yāhūd; in the singular Mad̲j̲ūsī is to be used; the religion of the Mad̲j̲ūs is called al-Mad̲j̲ūsīya. The lexicographers cite from the root a iind form (mad̲j̲d̲j̲asa) and a vth (tamad̲j̲d̲j̲asa). In a poem, cited in the Lisān and the Tād̲j̲ al-ʿArūs the phrase nār mad̲j̲ūsa is found; if we only could be sure, that this poem is rea…

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Büchner, V. F., “Mad̲j̲ūs”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936), Edited by M. Th. Houtsma, T.W. Arnold, R. Basset, R. Hartmann. Consulted online on 19 June 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-871X_ei1_SIM_4415>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004082656, 1913-1936

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